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Civil Engineering

August , 2009

Civil Engineering



Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as bridges, roads, canals, dams and buildings. Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. It is traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, surveying, and construction engineering. Civil engineering takes place on all levels: in the public sector from municipal through to federal levels, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.

Working Conditions:

Civil engineers work in many different places, depending on their specialization and their employers. They can work in offices as well as at construction sites. Civil engineers doing research may work in laboratories.  Most engineers are steadily employed, but engineers working in construction may experience periodic layoffs. Those who work for government agencies enjoy job security not found in other types of engineering. Regardless of where they work, civil engineers must face the strain of deadlines and tight schedules. Their work is exacting. They must be very accurate because their work involves costly projects. They must be able to work as part of a team and communicate their ideas to the other specialists on the project. Problem solving requires innovation and the ability to make decisions. Civil engineers report that the personal satisfaction of this work usually outweighs the pressures.


  • The median annual income for a civil engineer was $68,600 per year.
  • Civil engineers in the lowest 10 percent of earnings earned $44,810 per year, while those in the lowest 25 percent earned $54,520 per year.
  • Civil engineers in the highest 10 percent of earnings earned $104,420 per year, while those in the highest 25 percent earned $86,260 per year.
  • The average starting salary for a civil engineer with a bachelor’s degree was $48,509 per year.
4 Comments leave one →
  1. thoughtsontrafficengineering permalink
    August , 2009 3:48 pm

    I am a civil engineer that works for a state DOT. The salary figures listed above seem quite high to me. I started out at $35K annually, and that was with EIT certification. I have been working for a little over 3 years and currently make $41K annually. Those with similar qualifications in the private sector make about 10% more.

  2. tejas permalink
    May , 2010 5:23 pm

    what syructure is that

  3. May , 2011 9:26 pm

    i will become civil engineer in future


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